Still reeling from the U.S. financial crisis and the near-collapse of the auto industry a decade ago, Detroit has been named the most stressed-out city in America for two years running, according to a new report from personal finance website WalletHub.
The Motor City was joined again by Cleveland and Newark, New Jersey, as the top three most-stressed cities. On the other end of the spectrum, also unchanged from last year: Fremont, California, a rapidly-growing city located in the San Francisco Bay area; Bismarck, North Dakota; and Sioux Falls, South Dakota, were ranked the least-stressed cities in the U.S.
The leading causes of stress in the U.S. are money, work, family and relationships, in that order, the WalletHub report noted, and work-related stress may cost America roughly $300 billion annually.
Denizens of Detroit had the lowest median credit score, the highest poverty rate and averaged the fewest hours of sleep per night among cities on WalletHub’s list. Those living in Fremont, on the other hand, had the highest median credit score, the second-lowest poverty rate and the lowest divorce rate among the cities ranked.
To determine the cities where Americans were most and least stressed, WalletHub ranked 182 cities—including the 150 most populated U.S. cities, plus at least two of the most populated cities in each state—across four key areas: work stress, financial stress, family stress, and health and safety stress. You can find more on WalletHub’s methodology here.
WalletHub’s 10 most-stressed cities for 2019:
- Newark, New Jersey
- St. Louis
- Birmingham, Alabama
- Wilmington, Delaware
- Shreveport, Louisiana
WalletHub’s 10 least-stressed cities for 2019:
- Fremont, California
- Bismarck, North Dakota
- Sioux Falls, South Dakota
- Overland Park, Kansas
- Irvine, California
- Plano, Texas
- Fargo, North Dakota
- South Burlington, Vermont
- Cedar Rapids, Iowa
- San Jose, California
New to the 10 most stressed cities ranking this year are Philadelphia, Cincinnati, and Shreveport, Louisiana, while Milwaukee (rank 14), Toledo, Ohio (11); and Gulfport, Mississippi (12), fell out of the top 10 ranks.
Dropping off the 10 least stressed cities for 2019 were Scottsdale, Arizona (166), Madison, Wisconsin (167), and Lincoln, Nebraska (172), replaced by Plano, Texas; Fargo, North Dakota; and Cedar Rapids, Iowa.