High pay, high demand and the immediate satisfaction of “fixing” patients’ problems puts orthopedic surgery near the top of rank lists for osteopathic medical students considering the cutting specialties.
“Orthopedics is such a rewarding specialty because you’re working with patients who have a significant problem, and oftentimes you’re correcting it,” says Wade Faerber, DO, program director of the orthopedic surgery residency at Riverside University Health System in Moreno Valley, California. “You see your patients’ functionality and quality of life dramatically improve.”
Orthopedic surgery places high demands on physicians, and the competition for residency slots is intense. Yet the specialty appeals to results-driven individuals who are less inclined to puzzle over diagnoses or provide longitudinal care lasting years.
“There is an instant gratification that comes from repairing someone rather than taking care of someone with a chronic condition like high blood pressure,” points out Joel L. Rush, DO, who directs the orthopedic surgery residency at Broward Health Medical Center in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Residencies in orthopedic surgery take five years to complete, with applicants far outnumbering available slots. The Broward program, which is a dually accredited AOA/ACGME orthopedic surgery residency, recently received 450 applications for 3 training slots.
Ranking at or near the top of your class, and a COMLEX score in the 85th percentile or above, are baseline qualifications for competitive applicants. Now with programs transitioning to ACGME accreditation under the single GME accreditation system, applicants should also be taking the USMLE and scoring in the 85th-plus percentile on that exam, suggests Dr. Rush. For his program, which recently transitioned from AOA to ACGME accreditation, Dr. Faerber prefers candidates who have a COMLEX score above the 75-80th percentile.
Many residency programs, including Dr. Faerber’s, prefer to interview candidates who have completed an orthopedic surgery rotation at their hospital.
“We screen candidates based on grades, board scores, research and extracurriculars, but we are absolutely looking for team players,” he says. “If you have what we’re looking for on paper and then come and rotate with us, that gives us a better idea of who you are as a person. I’m very hesitant to interview someone unless they have rotated with us.”
Dr. Rush recalls one student who had great credentials but blew his rotation. “He thought he was a shoo-in. But when he was on service, he was lazy,” Dr. Rush remembers. “He would be looking at football scores while other people worked, and he wasn’t prepared.”
Students who are interested in orthopedic surgery should research potential residency programs and try to do an elective rotation with one of them during their third year, says Dr. Faerber, who recommends starting a search early in the spring of second year. Make sure to pursue rotations at hospitals that have orthopedic surgery residency programs, he says, otherwise the elective may be educational but will also be a missed opportunity to get to know a program you might match into.
Dr. Faerber also advises students to seek out orthopedics programs that have a history of accepting DOs.
As with all surgical specialties, orthopedic surgeons need good hands, coordination and visual-spatial acumen. Stamina and strength are also important in orthopedic surgery, a physically demanding specialty. But brute strength isn’t essential.
“I’m just 5 foot 7—not a big guy,” Dr. Rush says. “For me to reduce a hip is a lot of work, and it’s going to be harder for someone who is 5 foot 3. But in this field, you learn how to use your body size appropriately to do what you have to do.”
An affinity for tools and technology also align well with the specialty. “I’m a tool junkie,” Dr. Rush admits. “I love that I get to use really cool battery-operated saws and all manner of drills, chisels and hammers in surgery.”
The work hours of orthopedic surgeons are also very demanding, particularly in the early years after residency. “You have to assume that in your first few years of practice, you will be busy. You will be working all the time. And you’re not going to see your family much,” Dr. Rush says.
“I joke with my residents about the 80-hour work week rule. They don’t understand that when they get to go home at 9 a.m., and I’ve been up with them all night, I still have the rest of my office day ahead of me.”
Orthopedic surgeons can make choices that manage lifestyle and physical concerns. Those of smaller stature sometimes choose to subspecialize in hand surgery, which also tends to have more defined hours than specialties like trauma surgery. Becoming an employed physician or joining a group practice translates into less time on call.