Putting the DO initials after your name requires passing a three-part medical licensing exam. During your second year of medical school, you’ll come face-to-face with the COMLEX Level 1. Sometime during your third or fourth year, you’ll meet COMLEX again to take Level 2-CE and Level 2-PE. The third part, COMLEX Level 3, you’ll complete during your residency. Only then will you be a fully licensed physician, which will allow you the freedom to moonlight and more.
Ready to start thinking about the exam? AOA Trustee Sarah Wolff, DO, recently advised students on the COMLEX, U.S. Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) and studying during the Mentor Cafe at the AOA House of Delegates. Here’s what she shared with COMLEX-conquering hopefuls.
- Do I need to take COMLEX and USMLE?
In order to graduate from an osteopathic medical school, students are required to pass the COMLEX (Levels 1, 2-CE and 2-PE). Some schools, such as the Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine, require students to take the USMLE Step 1 exam (beginning with the class of 2017) as well.
Before taking both exams, consider factors such as your desired specialty and preferred residency location, as well as the time and money required to obtain passing scores.
“You have to think for yourself about why you would take more than the COMLEX,” Dr. Wolff says.
- Do residency program directors prefer one exam to the other?
More than three-quarters of all residency program directors—including those at AOA-accredited and ACGME-accredited programs—use the COMLEX for evaluating DO students, according to the National Resident Matching Program’s 2016 Program Director Survey. Additionally, all AOA-accredited residency program directors accept the COMLEX. The COMLEX is also the only licensing exam that evaluates the distinctive osteopathic principles and practice you learned in medical school.
If you’re unsure how familiar a program director is with the COMLEX, Dr. Wolff suggests bringing brochures to residency interviews to help directors assess your score.
“If you are a strong candidate for a program and they want you, asking them to check your COMLEX is not going to exclude you,” Dr. Wolff says.
There is also a COMLEX percentile score conversion tool available online and an iOs app you can share with program directors.
- How should I study?
The earlier students begin studying for the COMLEX-USA Level 1, the more likely they are to score 600 or higher on it, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
Study board-like questions in conjunction with your class material and start at least six months out from your scheduled exam date, Dr. Wolff recommends. As your exam date gets closer, ramp up your studying.
There is no one plan that works for every student, so customize a study plan that works best for you. However you decide to study, make sure to include breaks in your schedule.
About a week or two out from your exam date, take a practice exam like the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Self-Assessment Examination to gauge your readiness, Dr. Wolff says. The score is a good indicator of how well you will perform on the COMLEX.
- What study resources should I use?
Dr. Wolff says many students decide to use question banks to help them prepare. Doing practice questions allows you to apply concepts instead of just memorizing them.
Popular COMLEX Study Resources
OMT Review by Savarese – the standard OMM review book (“the green book”)
If you do decide to use question banks to study for the COMLEX, make sure to use a COMLEX-specific question bank. While exam content for the COMLEX and the USMLE is similar, question styles differ. A COMLEX study bank will also have osteopathically focused questions.
The most helpful study aids*
Review book: First Aid for USMLE
Question bank: COMBANK
Lecture videos: Kaplan USMLE
Practice examination: COMSAE
(*According to a JAOA study about the predictors of scoring at least a 600 on COMLEX Level 1)